Urry, J. (1998). Globalisation and citizenship. Paper presented at World Congress of Sociology. Montreal. Retrieved from http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/resources/sociology-online-papers/papers/urry-globalisation-and-citizenship.pdf
While the idea of citizenship has long been associated with the nation-state, the increasing cross-border mobilities of objects, ideas, cultures, and humans are challenging this notion. Urry (1998) in his essay argues that in today’s era of globalization, it is strikingly important to take a closer observation on how the disjuncture of state-borders, in terms of its economic, politics, as well as cultures reconfigure how the citizen perceive and practice their citizenships.
Urry explains that globalization has two distinct characteristics, which include: (1) the compression of space and time, and (2) the advancement of the machines and technologies that enable the creation of ‘global’ networks. These two amplify the flow of cross national-borders ideas, commodities, people—and to some extent beyond the countries’ ability to control.